The Sura Tahiyyat

The Sura Tahiyyat  
 The sura Tahiyyat begins with the verse “Ettehiyatu lillahi vesselavati vetteyyibatu.”  During the five daily Salats, the sura Tahiyyat is repeated eight times without a salutation at the conclusion of each Salat and thirteen times with the conclusory salutations on both sides.“Ettehiyatu” means that the essence of all creatures, including their acts, conditions, ibadets [prayers], praise and offerings are for Allah c.c.
 While these sacred emotions are present in our hearts, we stand up and say Allah u Akbar and proceed to repeat the same steps and postures, except that at the end of the second rekat, rather than standing up, we remain seated and repeat the sura “Ettehiyatu lilahi.
 Afterwards, we return to the standing position to proceed, and we repeat the sura Tahiyyat, perform the salutation, and finish Salat.  While in this position, we also repeat the suras that begin with “Allahumme salli. . .” and “Allahumme barik. . .” Before the salutation, however, we recite the suras “Allahumme Rabbena atina fiddunya haseneten ve fi’l-ahireti haseneh, ve kina azabe’n-nar” from the sura called Bakara 2/201 “and there are men who say: “Our Lord! Give us Good in this world and good in the Hereafter. And save us from the torment of the Fire!”  from the sura called Bakara 2/201 and “Rabbic alni muki’m-messelati ve min zurriyeti Rabbena vetekabbel dua, Rabbena’gfirli ve li-valideyye ve li’l-mu’minine yevme yekumu’l-hisab” from the sura Abraham 14/40-41.  O my Lord! Make me one who establishes regular prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring o our Lord! And accept thou my Prayer. O our Lord cover us with thy forgiveness-me, my parents, and all believers, on the day that the Reckoning will be established”
 Upon concluding, we finish by repeating “Birahmetike ve erhamarrahimin” and by saluting to the left and right shoulder by saying, “esselamu aleykum ve rahmetullah.”
 We will now return to the subject of the sura Tahiyyat to examine it closely such that we may begin to comprehend its significance. 
  The level during Salat where the sura Tahiyyat is recited is where we strive to appear before Allah c.c. and establish a proper and respectful dialogue.  From all of the movements performed in Salat thus far, this state is different from the others; the state of Tahiyyat is the state of calmness and peacefulness. 
 During this state we should be sitting on our knees while trying to keep our body in the state of Adab, and it is during this stage that we should finally be reaching a sense of calm and peace.  Because much effort is involved in reaching the state where we have accomplished a certain closeness to Hakk, upon having thoroughly completed Salat, our sincere hearts should be prepared to become the mirror of the Creator. 
 The importance of living and experiencing this incredible sequence with a sincere heart cannot be stressed enough, for this was first experienced by Hz. Muhammad Mustafa (sav) the night of Mi’rac – the night this present was offered to mankind. 
  “Ettehiyyatu lillahi” means “I sit here for Allah c.c.,” and “Ves-salevatu ve’t-tayyibat” means “Any obligations I have performed, every sura I attempted to recite, and all the Salats I performed were exclusively for only Allah c.c.
 The first of the four parts of the sura Tahiyyat affect every individual in a unique manner depending on said individual’s level of knowledge.   
 Only the real Insan-i Kamil (Arifs) can experience this correlation fully and deeply with the permission of Hakk.
 The people who are in the state of Seriat and Tarikat can only experience this conversation with Allah c.c., as well as “Tenzih” ¾[which means affirming the believe that Allah c.c. is the most perfect, greatest, incomparable One], during the sura Tahiyyat. Those in the state of Hakikat and Tarikat, on the other hand, experience this more profoundly than others. They try to experience this dialogue much more carefully through “Tesbih” and “Tevhid.” The meaning of Tesbih is: “Approaching resemblance” and “Tevhid” means “Approaching the truth and deep believe of Allah’s Unity”.    That is why; the same phrase produces different states for people who are in different level of knowledge.  Especially, the ones who have truly surrendered their worldly self-back to their Owner, they repeat it in a distinguishable form from the rest.
 Second part: “Esselamu aleyke ya eyyuhe’nebiyyu ve rahmetu’llahi ve berekatuh”.
 This is the part, in which whoever has expressed the ultimate aim of the moves and repetitions during Salat, receives a mesmerizing reply from HAKK.  The reply goes like this; “I am sending you my salutation, Selam oh Muhammad!  My dear messenger! All my mercy and my blessing shall be upon you!”. One who repeats these words, and experiences this sequence in depth, as much as their level of knowledge permits, receives the reply accordingly.  This is a very precious call from Allah c.c.  How fortunate is the one who can hear it!
 In order to become skilled at hearing this call, we need to seek and befriend an Arif (Insan Kamil) for a period of time .
 The third part of Tahiyyat provides: “Es-selamu aleyna ve ala ibadi’llahi’s-salihin.”  He who received the mesmerizing response from Hakk replies as follows: “May all Selams and mercy InshaAllah be upon Mu’mins” [those who accept and try to live Islam].
 This level [mertebe] provides for a remarkable and unique experience, and, InshaAllah, Hak Teala will permit us to fully comprehend it. 
 The importance of “ve ala ibadillahissalihin” can be illustrated by recounting the “Hallac-i Mansur” incident.  One day, in Baghdad, when Hallaci Mansur was preaching in a peaceful and delightful manner, he expressed and wished that when the Dear prophet Muhammad (sav) bestowed Allah’s mercy upon the Mu’mins during his Mirac (journey) to Hakk, he could have bestowed such mercy upon all mankind.  Afterwards, our master Hz. Muhammed’s (sav) soul appeared and warned him, “I only speak that which I receive from Allah c.c. with the proper permission.”  Hallaci Mansur then asked our Dear prophet, “Oh! Dear Messenger of Allah, what will my punishment be for having spoken that which I should not have?”  The Prophet replied, “You must now sacrifice your head!”  It is said that following this, Hallaci Mansur expressed that a fire burned within him when he said, “Enel Hakk” meaning “I am Hakk;” eventually, this led to his execution.      
 After finishing the sura tahhiyat, we either finish a Salat (if it is only a two rakat salat), or we stand up and repeat all previous postures and Suras in the same way (this usually happens during the three or four rakat-Salats).
 The fourth part of Tahiyyat provides: “Eshedu en la ilahe illa’ Allah ve eshedu enne Muhammeden abduhu ve Resuluhu.”  Up to this last part, the conversation took place only between Hakk and a servant.  In this part, however, angels join the conversation and along with us witness and repeat the fact that there is no God but Allah c.c. and that Muhammad (sav) is his messenger.